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Disease Profile

Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy 12

Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.


US Estimated

Europe Estimated

Age of onset





Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease.


Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype.


dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.


recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder.


Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.


Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.


Not applicable


Other names (AKA)

Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 12; EIEE12


Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy type 12 (EIEE12) is an extremely rare nervous system disorder. Infants with EIEE12 develop very frequent epileptic seizures. Seizures present within the first days to months of life. Seizures may trigger eye rolling, eyelid fluttering, lip smacking, drooling, bluish coloring around the mouth, limpness, or muscle stiffening (particularly those in his or her back, legs, and arms).[1][2] The seizures associated with this disease are difficult to treat and the syndrome is severely progressive.[1][3] EIEE12 occurs when a child inherits two mutations in the PLCB1 gene (one from each parent).[3] EIEE12 is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion.


This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.

Medical Terms Other Names
Learn More:
Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO
Autosomal recessive inheritance
Epileptic encephalopathy
Focal-onset seizure
Seizure affecting one half of brain
Generalized-onset seizure
Increased reflexes
Muscular hypotonia of the trunk
Low muscle tone in trunk
Involuntary muscle stiffness, contraction, or spasm


Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.

Testing Resources

  • The Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) provides information about the genetic tests for this condition. The intended audience for the GTR is health care providers and researchers. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.


    Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.

    Organizations Providing General Support

      Learn more

      These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

      Where to Start

        In-Depth Information

        • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 


          1. NINDS Ohtahara Syndrome Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. June 2015; https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Ohtahara-Syndrome-Information-Page.
          2. Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 12. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. Created February 3, 2011; https://www.omim.org/entry/613722. Accessed 7/6/2017.
          3. Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy. Orphanet. July 2014; https://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=1934.